East Northants needs to improve educational attainment and the number of young people in full-time education and employment, according to the new Public Health England reports.
And although people in the district live five years longer than the national average, there are wide variations depending on which town people live in.
The borough also needs to see further cuts in the number of people smoking and reduce the number of older people injured in falls.
Deprivation in the district is lower than average, but there are still about 2,200 children living in poverty.
Although nearly one in four adults smoke, the number of smoking-related deaths and hospital stays for alcohol related harm are better than the England average.
Rates of violent crime, long term unemployment and drug misuse are also better than average.
Tackling unemployment was one of the election pledges made by Corby and East Northants MP Andy Sawford.
He has been working with local businesses to try to increase job opportunities for young people.
Serve, the Rushden-based charity which has more than 100 volunteers, runs many schemes in East Northants designed to help the elderly.
Its chief executive Barry Graves said: “East Northants is a rural area and it would seem sensible to assume that is why the health profile is better than other parts of the county.
“However, there are problems that all communities will have to face in the future such as an ageing population and child obesity. We run many schemes designed to keep elderly people active physically and mentally.”
East Northants Council is promoting good health through the Heartbeat Awards and the East Northamptonshire Greenway route, encouraging people to walk and cycle between and East Northants towns.
Tomorrow: Focus on Wellingborough health